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1200-1585: the Early History
1585-1672: the Golden Age
1672-1795: a small Setback
1795-1813: Recession and Decline
1813-1940: Recovery and Expansion


1672-1795: a small Setback
The year 1672 was a year of disaster for the Dutch Republic with the French and English attacking simultaneously. The Golden Age had come to an end. Nevertheless, Amsterdam managed to consolidate its prosperity during the period 1672-1795 in spite of the predicament the Republic found itself in. The city remained a major staple market and managed to retain its position as the financial centre of Europe.  

The Damrak in the late 18th century; ships still have free access as far as the Dam.
Whereas the Golden Age was primarily a period of pitch and tar, the new era is better characterised as an age of gold and silver. The large number of dwellings built at this time, both simple ones and rich canal houses, reflect the city's prosperity. As a result the majority of the houses located in the city centre date back to the 18th rather than the 17th century. Some examples: Huis Van Brienen, Herengracht 284, Huis De Vicq-De Steur, OZ Voorburgwal 237, Zeevrugt and Saxenburg, Keizersgracht 224.    

Map (1689).
>> next [1795-1813: Recession and Decline]

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